In the examination once a year, there are a primary exam and secondary exam. The first exam is a subject exam, only those who pass this can proceed to the second exam. The second test is a design draft test. If the primary exam passed but it failed in the secondary exam, there is also the merit that exempt examination is exempted only the following year. In many cases, the primary exam is done at the beginning of August every year, the design drawing test is done in late October. Also, qualifications for examinations are clearly decided in the qualification examination for architects. In the case of taking a first-class architect, after graduating from the department of architecture or civil engineering in the university, after graduating from the architecture department or civil engineering department of a three-year college or two years or more in construction experience, I am a person who has more than 3 years of practical experience. Besides, those who have graduated from the department of architecture or the department of civil engineering at junior colleges or technical colleges have work experience of over 4 years and those who have already acquired qualifications for second grade construction workers have experience in building construction With a minimum of 4 years, a first-class architect can take the exam. If you want to take the qualifications of a second-class architect or a wooden architect, the examination qualifications are as follows. Graduated from university and technical college of architecture, if graduating from the department of civil engineering, you will need over one year of architectural practical experience. If you graduate from a high school architecture department or civil engineering department, you can receive second-class architects and wooden architects if you have over 3 years of practical experience on construction. Also, regardless of academic background, even if you have more than seven years of practical experience in construction, you can take a qualification examination for a second-class architect or a wooden architect. However, in response to the revision of the Building Law on November 28, 2008, the entrance examination qualifications and academic qualifications changed for 2009 (2009) student.
We conduct surveys and building materials on buildings, investigate, check whether it is in compliance with the law, perform seismic diagnosis and regular safety checks. In addition, we are requesting notifications and various procedures obliged to be done by the owner, such as a building confirmation application to notify each local government of new buildings and documents to the Housing Loan Corporation to ask the fee for the owner’s construction expenses, There is also a work to do on behalf of the owner. In this way, the design, field management, various procedures, and the work of the architect are very diverse. It is busy but can be said to be one of the rewarding tasks. In addition to the work related to the work site, the architect has a job of doing work related to educational institutions related to architecture and engaging in research and qualification examination in order to train backward. In addition, there are jobs for planning and designing public buildings and reviewing the safety of buildings etc. Confirmation of work related to public buildings, the safety of buildings, etc. is done by civil servants. Therefore, it means that the architect is involved in the administration as a civil servant.
By the way, in the Building Standard Law, which is the legal basis of Japanese architecture, the term “construction” is defined as “the construction, construction, renovation, (Article 2, No. 13). However, in general, when we say construction, not only is it involved in work for new construction, expansion, rebuilding, and relocation, but also the meaning including all of the planning, design, and construction for that, as a nuance I think that it contains. Originally it was a construction that began with what was built to protect ourselves from nature and animals but then began to build as an ancestor and architecture to worship God. When we come to send group life further and the position based on the hierarchical relationship is born, architecture to show its position, role, authority etc will also develop. If so, the architecture was made influenced by many things such as that era, its place, climate, national character, values, regionality, etc., especially the ideas of individuals are well reflected It can be said that it is stuff. Among various modern values, a wide variety of buildings are beginning to be built. Looking at the building with such a line of sight, you can see a different architectural world than before and you can make it interesting.
Architecture has the same history as human beings are born and developed and are still indispensable. As humans live, it is said that “clothing, shelter and living” are necessary, but the very building that is responsible for that “living” is architecture. However, it was not so long ago that the term construction was used for the first time in Japan. After the Meiji Restoration occurred, various things came into Japan from foreign countries after the isolation of the isolation of the Edo era until then, one of them is the word architecture was. In translating it, since there was no proper word in Japanese until then, the architect, then Mr. Chuta Ito, made a new term of architecture and it began with the announcement. In Japan until the Edo period, buildings were made up of samurai residences where castles and samurai live, nagaya where ordinary people live, and shops where merchants shop. When building these buildings, the word civil work is often used and the concept of building a building has not been in Japan until then. In particular, the English word architecture also included the meaning of creating. It probably included the meaning of an artistic work. However, in Japan, architecture is civil engineering work, I never thought about creating artworks. So when Mr. Itoh created the word of architecture, there was an intention to make this word a nuance that included the meaning of imagination. In Japan now, although the concept of capturing architecture as a work of art is born more than this time, I think that the meaning of art creation is not included as much as Mr. Chuta Itoh wanted. It is a feeling that nuances of civil engineering and creation are included in half. However, the word construction style came to be used even in Japan, and I think that it became recognized that in the architecture, each person living in different ages and age is different, and the architectural style is different. It may be good to think that this is the first step for the development of architecture as art.